Since the eruption of pro-democracy protests in March 2011, Syria has broken into a brutal civil war with horrific consequences. The conflict has killed over 220,000 people and injured more than 1 million people forcing mass displacement across the region. Civilians have been the primary victims of violence in Syria, as women and children, men and boys, the elderly, persons with disabilities, are treated as legitimate targets by Government forces, anti-Government armed groups, extremists and terrorist organisations.
An estimated 12.2 million people in need of assistance, including more than 5.6 million children. A recent UN report has estimated that just over four in every five Syrians live in poverty, with two-thirds of the population living in extreme poverty and unable to secure the basic food and non-food items necessary for the survival of a household.
Hard won development gains are rapidly regressing, as Syria falls from a pre-conflict HDI of 113, to 173 (out of 187 countries). This is most apparent with the near collapse of the Education system. Fifty percent of school age children no longer attend school, and almost half of all children have lost three years of schooling as a result of the crises.
The conflict has seen brutal tactics employed by all parties to the conflict: the abduction and silencing of lawyers, journalists and human rights defenders; the use of sexual violence against innocent civilians; the indiscriminate and disproportionate use of conventional and improvised weapons; the use of torture in detention centers; and the flourishing of a culture of impunity and disregard for those providing humanitarian assistance.
Since the start of the conflict until the end of 2014, total economic losses are estimated at USD 202.6 billion. Further, future growth of the economy has been compromised by the collapse and destruction of the economic foundations and human and physical capital.
Despite a number of Security Council resolutions on the situation which have seen some improvement in humanitarian access and aid reaching those not previously assisted, a political solution to the crises remains elusive.
The ACFID members listed below are working in Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, Turkey and Egypt, either directly or through partners, providing urgently needed supplies, shelter support and health, education, and protection services to aid humanitarian efforts.
Please visit their websites to find out more about their valuable efforts: