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Annual Report 2022-23

Reporting on ACFID’s activities to ensure transparency and accountability


ACFID is the peak body for Australian NGOs involved in international development and humanitarian action.


ACFID works and engages with a range of strategic partners in addition to our members.


ACFID is governed by its Board, ACFID Council, and various expert and governance committees.


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Conference 2023

disruptive dynamics, inspired ideas

18-19 October 2023

Meet our Members

The ACFID membership is comprised of Australian NGOs that actively work in the international aid and development sector.

Become a member

Joining ACFID means joining an experienced and powerful mix of like-minded organisations committed to good international development practice.

Membership types & fees

ACFID has two types of organisational membership: Full Membership and Affiliate Membership.

State of the Sector

The State of the Sector Report provides a comprehensive and robust analysis of the state of the Australian aid and development sector.

NGO Aid Map

ACFID’s NGO Aid Map allows the Australian public and stakeholders to explore the work of ACFID Members around the world.

Development Practice Committee

The DPC is an expert advisory group of development practitioners leading good practice within the sector.

Our Focus

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Federal Budget 23-24 Analysis

Facts and figures on how aid is presented in this year’s annual budget

Strategic Plan

ACFID prioritises a robust response to climate change and pressure on civil society in developing countries, as well as other key priorities.

Emergency Aid

ACFID Members provide vital life-saving assistance in the immediate aftermath of an emergency.

Climate Change

Action on climate change is one of ACFID’s highest priorities, as it is an existential threat to humanity and our development.

Civil Society

Civil societies are a cornerstone of regional stability and ensure that the voices of the marginalised are heard.

Supporting NGOS

Supporting NGOs as Valuable Partners.

Inclusive & locally led development

Walking the talk on inclusive development.

Humanitarian Action

Taking humanitarian action for those in greatest need.

Elevating Development

Elevating Development to the Heart of Australia’s International Engagement.


Improving standards, practice and culture to prevent and respond to sexual exploitation, abuse and harassment.

Code of Conduct

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2022-23 ACFID Code of Conduct Review

The ACFID Code of Conduct is periodically reviewed to ensure it continues to reflect good practice and the needs of ACFID and its members.

Code of Conduct

The Code is a voluntary, self-regulatory industry code of good practice.

About the Code

Find out more about the Code of Conduct and how it operates.

Good Practice Toolkit

Overview and practical resources, and examples to support the implementation of the Code.

Spotlight on the Code

Provides a thematic ‘deep dive’ into each of the nine Quality Principles in the Code


This section outlines the responsibility to be taken by each Member to ensure compliance with the Code.

Complaints Handling

How to make a complaint and information on the Code’s independent mechanism to address concerns relating to an ACFID Members’ conduct.

Other Standards

Mapping the Code with other professional standards and principles in the humanitarian and aid sector in Australia and internationally

Annex 1

Conducting a Financial Wrongdoing Risk Assessment

A risk assessment which examines the risk of financial wrongdoing in all programs and operations is a vital and important step in the development of the Prevention of Financial Wrongdoing policy. The process involves considering potential financial risks, what risk mitigation strategies are already in place, and identifying where there are gaps and actual or potential risks and how these will be managed. Strategies should then be developed to reduce or remove these risks. This can inform how you develop your Prevention of Financial Wrongdoing policy and any associated procedures and tools.

It is critical that specific guidelines or other materials are developed to help address prevention of financial wrongdoing in high risk areas. For example, operating in a region with mostly cash-based payments, operating in humanitarian emergency situations where critical infrastructure like banking systems have been damaged, operating in areas with recent terrorist activity.

When conducting an organisational financial wrongdoing risk assessment, it is valuable to include people from different sections across the organisation (including governing body members, volunteers, overseas staff) who will be able to help you identify the possible risks in the work that they do.

A risk log, similar to the following, can be used to document financial wrongdoing risks and mitigation strategies:

Risk Log Chart
A risk rating table such as the following can be used to assess the level of risk:

Tools4development have some templates suitable for smaller organisations that you can download.

You should define what High, Medium and Low Likelihood and High, Medium and Low Consequence mean for your organisation. For example, a financial loss of $50,000 may have low consequence for a large agency, but it may have high consequence for a small agency.

The questions that you can ask to identify risk in each section of your organisation are:

  • Where funds flow into and out of your organisation and the opportunities for them to be misdirected (include consideration of physical cash and cheques as well as online funds): follow the flow of a dollar from donor, through your organisation, out to partners, suppliers, contractors, affiliates and to beneficiaries.  At each step ask ‘how do we know that this dollar is being used as intended and in line with our objectives?’, and list specific evidence that would demonstrate that like screening checks, audits, etc 
  • Where confidential financial information (such as bank account details and credit card numbers) is obtained and held in your organisation
  • Where donations are restricted and what sorts of restrictions are accepted
  • Where funds are received (for example via third party fundraisers), processed (for example by payment gateway providers and financial institutions) or expended (for example affiliates in your international networks or implementing partners) via third parties
  • The practical details of implementing your programs (for example do you provide a cash grants scheme, do you need to make large scale procurement in a small economy?)
  • What financial wrongdoing incidents have we (or our affiliates or partners) experienced in the last five years that we can learn from and aim to prevent?
  • What are the strategies that we already have in place to prevent financial wrongdoing?  How do we test their effectiveness, and have we done this recently?
  • What is the likelihood of something going wrong?
  • What would be the consequence if something went wrong?
  • What is our resulting risk rating?

Think about:

  • Your organisational culture
  • Your internal control environment
  • The nature of your activities
  • The nature of funds movements into and out of and within your organisation
  • Your work with partners
  • Your work via affiliated organisations in your international networks
  • Your recruitment processes for staff, volunteers and governing body members
  • The status of policies and procedures in your organisation
  • Your information technology systems and controls
  • Your legal status in the countries in which you operate

High risk factors can include:

Working in regions that feature:

  • A cash economy or unstable or sanctioned banking systems
  • High ratings for corruption
  • Recent terrorist activity / high proportion of sanctioned entities
  • Humanitarian emergencies
  • High inequality
  • General disregard for the rule of law / ineffective judicial systems
  • Small or closed economies

Working with people who:

  • Have not been screened properly (eg through police checks, checking against proscribed entities lists, interviews and reference checks)
  • Have not been trained in the prevention of financial wrongdoing
  • Were recruited quickly for immediate deployment (eg humanitarian response)
  • Are not supervised adequately / are placed in situations without adequate segregation of duties
  • Have a history of committing financial wrongdoing

Activities that:

  • Require handling large volumes of cash
  • Require management of a high volume of donation activity in a short space of time (for example an end of tax year appeal or an humanitarian emergency appeal), especially when combined with fundraising staff that have performance targets relating to level of donations
  • Require transacting with countries with poor formal financial systems controls
  • Involve related parties
  • Require remittance of large sums of funds in a short space of time, particularly when the remittance is in hard currency
  • Involve allowing third parties to be involved in the process of managing or spending the organisation’s funds, whilst the organisation still maintains responsibility for those funds

Supervision which:

  • Is non-existent or sparse, so there is little oversight of the work of staff or volunteers processing and reporting on financial transactions
  • Is cursory and does not thoroughly review transactions, documentation and reports
  • Does not compensate for any shortcomings in segregation of duties

Organisational systems and processes where there is:

  • No identified method to report financial wrongdoing
  • No monitoring of the effectiveness of internal controls
  • No management culture around compliance with laws, policies or processes
  • Financial wrongdoing is not included in organisational risk registers

To manage these risks the organisation will need to:

  • Identify ways of reducing these risks
  • Have procedures in place that personnel and relevant stakeholders are aware of in order to reduce identified risks
  • Have complaints handling procedures in place for when things go wrong
  • Establish monitoring systems that monitor both the implementation of mitigation measures but also identify any new risks.

Financial wrongdoing risk management and monitoring should become an ongoing activity in the organisation, and be part of the planning, implementation and monitoring of all operations and programs.

The questions that should be asked are:

  • Do the risks still exist?
  • Have they been reduced, controlled and managed by the existing strategies?
  • Are there any new risks?
  • What strategies / resources are needed to reduce / remove/ control these emerging risks?


Take a look at this diagram to help generate some ideas of areas where you might be exposed to financial wrongdoing risks, including some possible mitigating controls.

Possible Financial Wrongdoing Risks Chart

Prevention of Financial Wrongdoing End-to-End Chart